South African production of oranges and lemons is projected to decrease in MY 2022/23 due to stagnated production area and a return to normal yield. Grapefruit and tangerine/mandarin production is projected to increase slightly in MY 2022/23 due to favorable weather conditions in major producing regions. The citrus industry is facing several challenges, including accelerating farming input costs, high shipping rates, infrastructure inefficiencies, and new phytosanitary regulations. As a result, profitability and sustainability of the industry are under threat and could limit future investments. Duty-free exports of citrus to the United States under the African Growth Opportunity Act (AGOA) are expected to continue their strong annual growth, as the United States is still considered a premium market.